PRODIG is a research unit focusing on the relationships between development and environment. Its objective is to assess the effects of globalization and of an economic growth on the new territorial, social and environmental systems. The team aims to understand how changes and cracks in the environment question social solidarities at global, regional, national and local scales and help assess state capacities to manage ecological imbalances and dwindling resources in the North as well as in the South. Professor of Geography of Development Géraud Magrin has led research on issue of natural resources, energy and development in West Africa.
Rémi de Bercegol, a geographer, is a CNRS Researcher. After having studied urban services in small Indian towns and in Dehli, he extended his interest to Eastern Africa (Tanzania in particular).
Raphalële Guibert, a politist at PRODID (IRD), has studied dynamics of entrepreneurship in South Sudan. She intends to expand her interest to energy entrepreneurs in Chad.
The team will also include Armelle Choplin, Lecturer in urban geography at Marne-la-Vallée University, currently seconded to IRD’offices in Cotonou. Their work and that of students involved will be held in West Africa. The team’s work will be facilitated by partnerships with local institutions (universities, development actors), particularly with IFRA in Ibadan.
LATTS (Laboratoire Techniques Territoires Société) is a renowned international laboratory for the study of interrelations infrastructure-society, both North and South (Paris-Est University). It associates Social Sciences, Economics and Engineering. It is part of the LABEX Urban Futures, a Cluster of Excellence based at Paris-Est University and dedicated to urban issues, with a strong emphasis on the collaboration of engineering sciences, environment sciences and social sciences.
Professor of Geography Sylvy Jaglin will co-manage the scientific track of the project, which expends the TERMOS / GOUVENUS project (2010-2013). She led several researches on the socio-technical governance of urban services, including electricity, in Africa (Jaglin 2016; Jaglin 2017; Dubresson et Jaglin 2016; Jaglin 2013). She supervises the thesis of Mélanie Rateau (starting 2016) on electrification in Benin and Nigeria. She is also supervising Emmanuelle Guillou’s PhD, funded jointly by the firm Hydroconseil and the National Agency for Research and Technology on mini networks in two African countries.
Marie-Helene Zerah (IRD, currently seconded to India) will work with LATTS in the project. In addition to her own research on the electrification of Dehli’s outskirt in Haryana State, she will supervise a post-doc who will do research on small in India (Bihar). Leading socio-economist of energy research director Olivier Coutard will provide his expertise during the workshops.
CERI, Center of International research, established in 1952 at Sciences Po, focuses on Comparative Political Studies.
In recent years, several researchs have dealt with issues of energy transition.
Eric Verdeil, Professor of Geography and Urban Studies at Sciences Po, focuses on the political ecology of urban infrastructure and steers the Hybridelec project.
François Bafoil has lead research in association with EDF, for instance about the development of wind power in Europe, and about access to energy in Europe and South East Asia (Bafoil, Fodor et Le Roux (eds.) 2014; Bafoil (ed.) 2016). He will provide the project with his scientific expertise as a discussant during the intermediary workshops and the final conferences.
Laurent Gayer, political scientist, is a political scientist who has long specialized on the issue of order and violence in Karachi (Pakistan). In this project, he is interested in the way industrials manage and secured their access to electricity, including thanks to individual generators.
Le Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés (UMR 8134) associe en tant qu’unité mixte de recherche des chercheurs de l’Ecole des Ponts ParisTech (ministère de l’Equipement), du CNRS et des enseignants-chercheurs, principalement de l’Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. Fort de sa quarantaine de chercheurs en aménagement, économie, ergonomie, géographie, gestion, histoire, science politique, sociologie et de sa quarantaine de doctorants, le Latts étudie les entreprises, les administrations, les institutions locales, s’intéressant à l’action collective, aux dynamiques territoriales et aux systèmes techniques afférents. Par enquêtes de terrain, investigations comparatives, réflexions conceptuelles, ces travaux en sciences sociales poursuivent une ambition de transversalité : entre les disciplines, entre la théorie et l’empirie, entre les controverses scientifiques et les débats sociétaux. Deux domaines empiriques principaux
– Les organisations (publiques et privées), l’innovation, le travail
– Les systèmes territoriaux, les réseaux et les services urbains, l’action publique locale
Cette double orientation – originalité du laboratoire – permet des croisements de points de vue multiples : logiques territoriales des entreprises, logiques industrielles des services urbains, modèles organisationnels du public et du privé, transitions socio-techniques urbaines…
Chercheurs participants au projet Hybridelec : Sylvy Jaglin, Mélanie Rateau (blog), Emmanuelle Guillou, Marie-Hélène Zérah (chercheuse IRD, accueillie au Center for Policy Research, Dehli et rattachée à l’équipe LATTS dans le cadre du présent projet).